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Scientific Literature

There exists a wealth of scientific research and papers from across the world relating to the benefits of collagen – and specifically bioactive collagen peptides – in respect of bone health.

This broad selection of scientific literature supports the rationale for bonebalance™ which comprises the FORTBONE ingredient produced by Gelita.

Bioactive Collagen Peptides® found in bonebalance™ start to work in 6 days

This is shown in the 2016 König D, Oesser S. Report on the study “Impact of specific bioactive collagen peptides (FORTIBONE®) on the bone mineral density in postmenopausal women”. This key section highlights this point.

FORTIBONE® – the one and only ingredient of bonebalance™ – brings bone density improvements that are clinically significant and compare favourably with prescription drugs.

These are the findings of the Konig 2021 paper ( itself a follow-up to the Konig 2018 paper which stated the ‘Clinical trial showed a 4.2% higher BMD in the spine and a 7.7% higher BMD in the femoral neck (hip). This compares favourably with prescription treatments.

After taking FORTIBONE for four years, participants in the trial showed a 9.99% relative improvement in bone mineral density in their spine and 11.91% relative improvement in their hip.

The Konig 2021 paper concluded  ‘Although further research is needed, specific bioactive collagen peptides (FORTIBONE®) could offer an innovative therapeutic approach for a long-term osteoporosis treatment with good tolerability without the potential side effects of some forms of drug treatment.’

Further evidence in support of the rationale of specific Bioactive Collagen Peptides® as used in bonebalance ™ can be found in these studies. Please contact us if you would like further explanation or clarification.

  1. König D, Oesser S. Report on the study “Impact of specific bioactive collagen peptides (FORTIBONE®) on the bone mineral density in postmenopausal women”. 05.10.2016.
  2. Hernlund, E.; Svedbom, A.; Ivergard, M.; Compston, J.; Cooper, C.; Stenmark, J.; McCloskey, E.V.; Jönsson, B.; Kanis, J.A. Osteoporosis in the European Union: Medical management, epidemiology and economic burden. A report prepared in collaboration with the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) and the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Industry Associations (EFPIA). Arch. Osteoporos. 2013, 8, 136. Nutrients 2018, 10, 97 10 of 11
  3. Montagnani, A. Bone anabolics in osteoporosis: Actuality and perspectives. World J. Orthop. 2014, 5, 247–254.
  4. Dore, R.K. Long-term safety, efficacy, and patient acceptability of teriparatide in the management of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Patient Prefer. Adherence 2013, 7, 435–446.
  5. Watanabe-Kamiyama, M.; Shimizu, M.; Kamiyama, S.; Taguchi, Y.; Sone, H.; Morimatsu, F.; Shirakawa, H.; Furukawa, Y.; Komai, M. Absorption and effectiveness of orally administered low molecular weight collagen hydrolysate in rats. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2010, 58, 835–841.
  6. Guillerminet, F.; Fabien-Soule, V.; Even, P.C.; Tomé, D.; Benhamou, C.L.; Roux, C.; Blais, A. Hydrolyzed collagen improves bone status and prevents bone loss in ovariectomized C3H/HeN mice. Osteoporos. Int. 2012, 23, 1909–1919.
  7. Han, X.; Xu, Y.;Wang, J.; Pei, X.; Yang, R.; Li, N.; Li, Y. Effects of cod bone gelatin on bone metabolism and bone microarchitecture in ovariectomized rats. Bone 2009, 44, 942–947.
  8. Guillerminet, F.; Beaupied, H.; Fabien-Soule, V.; Tomé, D.; Benhamou, C.L.; Roux, C.; Blais, A. Hydrolyzed collagen improves bone metabolism and biomechanical parameters in ovariectomized mice: An in vitro and in vivo study. Bone 2010, 46, 827–834.
  9. De Almeida, J.E.; Cuneo, F.; Amaya-Farfan, J.; de Assuncao, J.V.; Quintaes, K.D. A food supplement of hydrolyzed collagen improves compositional and biodynamic characteristics of vertebrae in ovariectomized rats. J. Med. Food 2010, 13, 1385–1390.
  10. Adam, M.; Spacek, P.; Hulejova, H.; Galianova, A.; Blahos, J. Postmenopausal osteoporosis. Treatment with calcitonin and a diet rich in collagen proteins. Cas. Lek. Cesk. 1996, 135, 74–78.
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  15. Institute of Medicine (US). Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium; National Academies Press: Washington, DC, USA, 2011. Institute of Medicine. Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy, Carbohydrate, Fiber, Fat, Fatty Acids, Cholesterol, Protein, and Amino Acids; The National Academies Press: Washington, DC, USA, 2005.
  16. Liberman, U.A.; Weiss, S.R.; Broll, J.; Minne, H.W.; Quan, H.; Bell, N.H.; Rodriguez-Portales, J.; Downs, R.W., Jr.; Dequeker, J.; Favus, M.; et al. Effect of oral alendronate on bone mineral density and the incidence of fractures in postmenopausal osteoporosis. The Alendronate Phase III Osteoporosis Treatment Study Group. N. Engl. J. Med. 1995, 333, 1437–1443. Nutrients 2018, 10, 97 11 of 11
  17. Elam, M.L.; Johnson, S.A.; Hooshmand, S.; Feresin, R.G.; Payton, M.E.; Gu, J.; Arjmandi, B.H. A calcium-collagen chelate dietary supplement attenuates bone loss in postmenopausal women with osteopenia: A randomized controlled trial. J. Med. Food 2015, 18, 324–331.
  18. Walrand, S.; Chiotelli, E.; Noirt, F.; Mwewa, S.; Lassel, T. Consumption of a functional fermented milk containing collagen hydrolysate improves the concentration of collagen-specific amino acids in plasma. 7795.Agric. Food Chem. 2008, 56, 7790–7795.
  19. Ohara, H.; Matsumoto, H.; Ito, K.; Iwai, K.; Sato, K. Comparison of quantity and structures of hydroxyproline-containing peptides in human blood after oral ingestion of gelatin hydrolysates from different sources. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2007, 55, 1532–1535.
  20. Shimizu, K.; Sato, M.; Zhang, Y.; Kouguchi, T.; Takahata, Y.; Morimatsu, F.; Shimizu, M. The bioavailable octapeptide Gly-Ala-Hyp-Gly-Leu-Hyp-Gly-Pro stimulates nitric oxide synthesis in vascular endothelial cells. J. Agric. Food Chem. 2010, 58, 6960–6965.
  21. Oesser, S.; Seifert, J. Stimulation of type II collagen biosynthesis and secretion in bovine chondrocytes cultured with degraded collagen. Cell Tissue Res. 2003, 311, 393–399.
  22. Bello, A.E.; Oesser, S. Collagen hydrolysate for the treatment of osteoarthritis and other joint disorders: A review of the literature. Curr. Med. Res. Opin. 2006, 22, 2221–2232.
  23. Ng, K.W.; Saliman, J.D.; Lin, E.Y.; Statman, L.Y.; Kugler, L.E.; Lo, S.B.; Ateshian, G.A.; Hung, C.T. Culture duration modulates collagen hydrolysate-induced tissue remodeling in chondrocyte-seeded agarose hydrogels. Ann. Biomed. Eng. 2007, 35, 1914–1923.
  24. Kitakaze, T.; Sakamoto, T.; Kitano, T.; Inoue, N.; Sugihara, F.; Harada, N.; Yamaji, R. The collagen derived dipeptide hydroxyprolyl-glycine promotes C2C12 myoblast differentiation and myotube hypertrophy. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2016, 478, 1292–1297.
  25. Kim, H.K.; Kim, M.G.; Leem, K.H. Osteogenic activity of collagen peptide via ERK/MAPK pathway mediated boosting of collagen synthesis and its therapeutic efficacy in osteoporotic bone by back-scattered electron imaging and microarchitecture analysis. Molecules 2013, 18, 15474–15489.
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